cause and effect of noise pollution pdf

Cause And Effect Of Noise Pollution Pdf

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Image adapted from: cocoparisienne; CC0. Well, maybe. Exposure to prolonged or excessive noise has been shown to cause a range of health problems ranging from stress, poor concentration, productivity losses in the workplace, and communication difficulties and fatigue from lack of sleep, to more serious issues such as cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, tinnitus and hearing loss.

Noise pollution , also known as environmental noise or sound pollution , is the propagation of noise with ranging impacts on the activity of human or animal life, most of them harmful to a degree. The source of outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines, transport, and propagation systems.

Noise pollution occurs when unwanted sounds enter the environment. The potential health effects of noise pollution include increased stress levels, sleep disturbance, or hearing damage. Some examples of noise pollution sources include :. This article looks at noise pollution in more detail and its potential health effects.

What are the health effects of noise pollution?

It is also a very effective alarm system. Noise can be defined as an unpleasant and unwanted sound. Exposure to loud noise is indeed annoying and harmful too. Its effects are more directly on the receiver i. Noise pollution is the result of modern industrialized urban life and congestion due to over population.

Even though noise pollution is not fatal to human life, yet its importance cannot be overlooked because repeated exposure to noise reduces the sleeping hours and productivity or efficiency of a human being. It affects the peace of mind and invades the privacy of a human being.

Textile mills, printing presses, engineering establishments and metal works etc. In industrial cities like Kolkata, Ludhiana, Kanpur etc. Automobile revolution in urban centers has proved to be a big source of noise pollution. Increasing traffic has given rise to traffic jams in congested areas where the repeated hooting of horns by impatient drivers pierce the ears of all road users.

Airport situated in the vicinity of population centres and the air planes pass over residential areas. Heavy trucks, buses trains, jet-planes, motor-cycles, scooters, mopeds, jeeps—the list of vehicles is endless but the outcome is same — noise pollution.

The household is an industry in itself and is a source of many indoor noises such as the banging of doors, noise of playing children, crying of infants, moving of furniture, loud conversation of the inhabitants etc. Besides these are the entertainment equipment in the house, namely the radio, record-players and television sets. Domestic gadgets like the mixer-grinders, pressure cookers, desert coolers, air- conditioners, exhaust fans, vacuum cleaners, sewing and washing machines are all indoor sources of noise pollution.

In India people need only the slightest of an excuse for using loud speakers. Tractors, thrashers, harvesters, tube wells, powered tillers etc. Noise level 90 dB to 98 dB due to running of farm machines have been recorded in the state of Punjab. A lot of noise pollution is added to the atmosphere by artillery, tanks, launching of rockets, explosions, exercising of military airplanes and shooting practices. Screams of jet engines and sonic booms have a deafening impact on the ears and in extreme cases have been known to shatter the window panes and old dilapidated buildings.

The automobile repair shops, construction-works, blasting, bulldozing, stone crushing etc. Noise is generally harmful and a serious health hazard.

The physical manifestation of noise pollution is the effect on hearing ability. Repeated exposure to noise may result in temporary or permanent shifting of the hearing threshold of a person depending upon the level and duration of exposure.

The immediate and acute effect of noise pollution is impairment of hearing i. Human ears have sensory cells for hearing. So, noise is annoying and the annoyance depends on many factors not merely the intensity of the sound but also repetition, because even a sound of small intensity e.

Some of the well- known effects of noise on human beings and the relation of noise pollution level and its harmful effects are shown in Table 5. Noise Pollution. You must be logged in to post a comment.

Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. Stress, tension, psychological illness, heart attact effects especially at upper range.

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Health effects of environmental noise pollution

A man working with a jackhammer in a construction site. This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Powered by. Noise pollution is an invisible danger. It cannot be seen, but it is present nonetheless, both on land and under the sea. Noise pollution is considered to be any unwanted or disturbing sound that affects the health and well-being of humans and other organisms. Sound is measured in decibel s.

Environmental Noise Pollution in the United States: Developing an Effective Public Health Response

Atmospheric pollution is not the only type of contamination that is harming living beings on the planet. And according to the European Environment Agency EEA , noise is responsible for 16, premature deaths and more than 72, hospitalisations every year in Europe alone. According to the WHO, noise is harmful when it exceeds 75 decibels dB and feels painful at levels above dB. Drivers honking the horn, groups of workers drilling the road surface, aircraft flying over us in the sky

Background: Tens of millions of Americans suffer from a range of adverse health outcomes due to noise exposure, including heart disease and hearing loss. Reducing environmental noise pollution is achievable and consistent with national prevention goals, yet there is no national plan to reduce environmental noise pollution. Objectives: We aimed to describe some of the most serious health effects associated with noise, summarize exposures from several highly prevalent noise sources based on published estimates as well as extrapolations made using these estimates, and lay out proven mechanisms and strategies to reduce noise by incorporating scientific insight and technological innovations into existing public health infrastructure.

NOISE POLLUTION

Environmental noise consists of all the unwanted sounds in our communities except that which originates in the workplace. Environmental noise pollution, a form of air pollution, is a threat to health and well-being.

Noise Pollution: Definition, Sources and Effects of Noise Pollution

It is also a very effective alarm system. Noise can be defined as an unpleasant and unwanted sound. Exposure to loud noise is indeed annoying and harmful too. Its effects are more directly on the receiver i. Noise pollution is the result of modern industrialized urban life and congestion due to over population. Even though noise pollution is not fatal to human life, yet its importance cannot be overlooked because repeated exposure to noise reduces the sleeping hours and productivity or efficiency of a human being.

Noise health effects are the physical and psychological health consequences of regular exposure to consistent elevated sound levels. Noise from traffic, in particular, is considered by the World Health Organization to be one of the worst environmental stressors for humans, second only to air pollution. Although age-related health effects presbycusis occur naturally with age, [5] in many countries the cumulative impact of noise is sufficient to impair the hearing of a large fraction of the population over the course of a lifetime. Adverse cardiovascular effects occur from chronic exposure to noise due to the sympathetic nervous system's inability to habituate.

Noise pollution

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