millennium development goals 4 and 5 pdf

Millennium Development Goals 4 And 5 Pdf

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Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger;. Achieve universal primary education;. Promote gender equality and empower women;. Reduce child mortality;. Improve maternal health;.

Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5: Progress in the Least Developed Countries of Asia

International cooperation. Capacity development. Big Data for Measuring the Information Society. Expert Groups. ICT Prices. Committed to connecting the world. Search for:. Rollup Image. Page Content Goals, targets and indicators Page Content 2. The goals and targets are interrelated and should be seen as a whole. They represent a partnership between the developed countries and the developing countries "to create an environment - at the national and global levels alike - which is conducive to development and the elimination of poverty".

Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1. A: Halve, between and , the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day Indicators 1. Poverty gap ratio 3. Share of poorest quintile in national consumption Target 1.

B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people Indicators 1. C: Halve, between and , the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Indicators 1.

Achieve universal primary education Target 2. A: Ensure that, by , children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling Indicators 2. Promote gender equality and empower women Target 3. A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by , and in all levels of education no later than Indic ators 3.

Reduce child mortality Target 4. A: Reduce by two-thirds, between and , the under-five mortality rate Indicators 4. Improve maternal health Target 5.

A: Reduce by three quarters, between and , the maternal mortality ratio Indicators 5. B: Achieve, by , universal access to reproductive health Indicators 5.

C: Have halted by and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases Indicators 6. Ensure environmental sustainability Target 7. A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources Indicators 7.

B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by , a significant reduction in the rate of loss Indicators 7. C: Halve, by , the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Indicators 7.

D: By , to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least million slum dwellers Indicators 7. Develop a global partnership for development Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries LDCs , Africa, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States. Target 8. A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction - both nationally and internationally Target 8.

B: Address the special needs of the least developed countries Includes: tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries' exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction Target 8.

C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly Target 8. D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries LDCs , Africa, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.

Official development assistance ODA 8. E: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries Indicators 8. F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications Indicators 8.

Page Content 3. Page Content 4. Page Content 5. Visit the list of agencies that are providing information for monitoring progress toward the goals. Page Content 7. Page Content 8. MDG Progress Chart Link to all official MDG Reports. ITU also contributes to the UN MDG Gap Task Force , which is in charge of tracking existing international commitments and their fulfillment at the international and country level in the areas of official development assistance, market access trade , debt relief, access to essential medicines and technology.

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Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Metrics details. There has been important progress on both MDGs at global level, although it now appears that few countries will reach them by the target date of There are known and efficacious interventions to address most of the major causes of these deaths, but important gaps remain. The biggest challenge is to ensure that all women and children have access to life-saving interventions. Current levels of intervention coverage are too low, representing missed opportunities. Providing services at the community level is an important emerging priority, but preventing maternal and neonatal deaths also requires access to health facilities.

In , countries met together and made a promise to free the people of the world from extreme poverty and deprivation. The aim was that this would be achieved by This commitment was formalised in the publication of the United Nations Millennium Declaration which commited world leaders to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, discrimination against women and environmental degradation. In order to achieve the overall aim, eight Millennium Development Goals MDGs were put in place providing a framework for actions to be taken and against which progress would be measured. These were to:. For example, better health enables children to learn and adults to earn. Gender equality is essential to the achievement of better health.

International cooperation. Capacity development. Big Data for Measuring the Information Society. Expert Groups. ICT Prices.

Millennium Development Goal 5 – Results

Formulated as goals to be implemented at national level and based on result-oriented outcomes, they appear devoid of all human rights commitments. The discussion determines whether the MDG 6 can be re-cast or readjusted to foster real participation, non-discrimination as well as equality, accountability, and access to health. Can the leading proponents from both sides chart a new route that could integrate rights and anti-poverty strategy through the MDGs? Human rights Health MDGs.

The Millennium Development Goals MDGs were eight international development goals for the year that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in , following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All United Nations member states , and at least 22 international organizations , committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by Each goal had specific targets, and dates for achieving those targets.

Saving Lives in Childbirth

The aim of this study is to propose a territorial measure of maternal and child health in the least developed countries of Asia based on the criteria established in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 , in a context in which international progress between countries has been uneven up to The index includes information on different variables defined in the Millennium Declaration, as well as a study of the impact of each individual indicator on the outcome of the synthetic indicator of MDGs 4 and 5 levels, and enables classification of these countries in terms of these variables. Among the main objectives of this framework to guide global and national development priorities is a two-thirds reduction in child mortality in the under-fives MDG 4 and a three-quarter reduction in maternal mortality MDG 5 relative to rates UN These two issues have prompted global health analysts to drive an increased level of development aid, policy attention and research work Black et al. Progress towards the final deadline of has, however, been uneven within and across countries UN a , b.

The aim of this study is to propose a territorial measure of maternal and child health in the least developed countries of Asia based on the criteria established in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 , in a context in which international progress between countries has been uneven up to The index includes information on different variables defined in the Millennium Declaration, as well as a study of the impact of each individual indicator on the outcome of the synthetic indicator of MDGs 4 and 5 levels, and enables classification of these countries in terms of these variables. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Alleyne, G. Embedding non-communicable diseases in the post development agenda.

Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5: Progress in the Least Developed Countries of Asia

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