Trends In Agricultural Production And Productivity In India Pdf
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- Agricultural productivity
- Agriculture in India: Information About Indian Agriculture & Its Importance
- Agriculture in India
India is one of the largest landmasses under crop cultivation with staple consumption of food security crops. Post green revolution since , there has been a steady March towards self-sustainability in food production.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Kannan Published Environmental Science Asian journal of agriculture and development. The present study discusses the trends in crop sector growth at national and sub-national levels in India.
Data on important variables such as area, production, input use, and value of output were compiled for the periods to from published sources. The analysis reveals that the cropping pattern in India has changed significantly over time, with a marked shift from the cultivation of foodgrains to commercial crops. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Tables from this paper. Citation Type. Has PDF. Publication Type. More Filters. Research Feed. Dynamics of land use pattern and agricultural production scenario in India with particular reference to Punjab.
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Agriculture in India: Information About Indian Agriculture & Its Importance
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Kannan Published Environmental Science Asian journal of agriculture and development. The present study discusses the trends in crop sector growth at national and sub-national levels in India. Data on important variables such as area, production, input use, and value of output were compiled for the periods to from published sources. The analysis reveals that the cropping pattern in India has changed significantly over time, with a marked shift from the cultivation of foodgrains to commercial crops.
Let us make in-depth study of the effect of initiatives taken on agricultural production and productivity in India. Since the introduction of economic planning in India, agricultural development has been receiving a special emphasis. It was only after , i. Since then, a huge amount of fund was allocated for the development and modernization of this agricultural sector every year. In India the growth in gross area under all crops has increased from million hectares in to million hectares in and then it increased to Further, gross area under all food grains has increased from 99 million hectares in to million hectares in and then to
In the charts we see the average agricultural yield of particular crops over the long-term in the United Kingdom, from onwards. In the first chart, we have plotted cereal crops wheat, barley and oats. Overall, we see that improvements in cereal yields from the 19th century into the first half of the 20th century were relatively slow— by the s, yields were typically in the range of Productivity gains between the s and s was rapid, growing fold over this period. Since the turn of the millennium however, cereal yields in the UK have been relatively stagnant.
Agriculture in India
The population rose by 38 per cent while the increase in cultivated area was to the extent of 18 percent. The annual output of food grains and pulses remained almost constant. Pandse has made a special study of the yield of principal crops in India for the period between and and concluded that the yield per acre of cereals did not show any consistent decline or increase but there was a positive increase in the yield per acre of commercial crops and food-grains. He did not agree with the belief that there had been deterioration in fertility or in the standards of agriculture.
In , agriculture and allied sectors like animal husbandry , forestry and fisheries accounted for Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India. As per the FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk , major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute , staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice , the world's major food staples. India is currently the world's second largest producer of several dry fruits , agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses , farmed fish , eggs , coconut , sugarcane and numerous vegetables.
Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to inputs. Therefore, agricultural productivity is usually measured as the market value of the final output. This productivity can be compared to many different types of inputs such as labour or land. Such comparisons are called partial measures of productivity. Agricultural productivity may also be measured by what is termed total factor productivity TFP.