Rethinking Life And Death Peter Singer Pdf
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It was he who made the Utilitarian principle serve as the basis for a unified and comprehensive ethical system that applies, in theory at least, to every area of life. Never before had a complete, detailed system of ethics been so consistently constructed from a single fundamental ethical principle. He never thought that the aim of Utilitarianism was to explain or justify ordinary moral views; it was, rather, to reform them. Both have a taste for observable, practical things. He studied under the direction of Richard M. Hare at Oxford and examined such questions as the status of animals, the sanctity of human life, the moral obligations of the citizens of rich countries towards the inhabitants of poor countries, the ethics of globalisation, and the rhetoric of George W.
What is ethics? Where do moral standards come from? Are they based on emotions, reason, or some innate sense of right and wrong? For many scientists, the key lies entirely in biology--especially in Darwinian theories of evolution and self-preservation. But if evolution is a struggle for survival, why are we still capable of altruism? In his classic study The Expanding Circle , Peter Singer argues that altruism began as a genetically based drive to protect one's kin and community members but has developed into a consciously chosen ethic with an expanding circle of moral concern.
He specialises in applied ethics and approaches ethical issues from a secular , utilitarian perspective. He is known in particular for his book Animal Liberation , in which he argues in favour of veganism , and his essay " Famine, Affluence, and Morality ", in which he argues in favour of donating to help the global poor. For most of his career, he was a preference utilitarian , but he stated in The Point of View of the Universe , coauthored with Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek , that he had become a hedonistic utilitarian. On two occasions, Singer served as chair of the philosophy department at Monash University , where he founded its Centre for Human Bioethics. In he stood unsuccessfully as a Greens candidate for the Australian Senate. In , The Sydney Morning Herald placed him among Australia's ten most influential public intellectuals.
Book Review Rethinking Life and Death: The collapse of our traditional ethics By Peter Singer. pp. New York, St. Martin's Press, $
It was he who made the Utilitarian principle serve as the basis for a unified and comprehensive ethical system that applies, in theory at least, to every area of life. Never before had a complete, detailed system of ethics been so consistently constructed from a single fundamental ethical principle. He never thought that the aim of Utilitarianism was to explain or justify ordinary moral views; it was, rather, to reform them.
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Peter Singer is often described as the world's most influential philosopher. He is also one of its most controversial. The author of important books such as Animal Liberation , Practical Ethics , Rethinking Life and Death , and The Life You Can Save , he helped launch the animal rights and effective altruism movements and contributed to the development of bioethics. Now, in Ethics in the Real World , Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words. In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news.
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Можешь представить себе последствия, если бы это обнаружилось, когда Попрыгунчик был бы уже внедрен. - Так или иначе, - парировала Сьюзан, - теперь мы имеем параноиков из Фонда электронных границ, уверенных, что черный ход есть во всех наших алгоритмах. - А это не так? - язвительно заметил Хейл. Сьюзан холодно на него посмотрела.