detail history of 370 and 35a in kashmir in upsc pdf

Detail History Of 370 And 35a In Kashmir In Upsc Pdf

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Published: 04.12.2020

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Article 370 and 35(A) revoked: How it would change the face of Kashmir

Topics Covered:. Article Context: The Supreme Court has refused to entertain a fresh petition on Article , which gives special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir, and said that the issues raised in it were already part of the pending pleas. The petition sought a declaration that Article of the Constitution had lapsed with the dissolution of constituent assembly of Jammu and Kashmir on January 26, and it cannot be treated as mandatory for exercise of powers of the President. Important provisions under the article:. Mains Question: Critically comment on the history of Article of the Indian Constitution, its implications and relevance for the Union of India. Topics Covered: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Ladakh has been made a Union Territory along with the abrogation of Article of the Constitution of India. The Order supersedes the Order. The Order declares that all the provisions of the Constitution of India, shall apply to Jammu and Kashmir too. However, some special measures were still needed for the scrapping of Article altogether. Therefore, a few clauses were added to Article of the Constitution.


The Kashmir Issue is not just a border dispute between India and Pakistan. It has many dimensions — external and internal. Kashmir, and adjacent areas like Gilgit, Jammu, and Ladakh — were part of the different empires at different times. Over the years, this area was under the control of Hindu rulers, Muslim emperors, Sikhs, Afghans, and Britishers. Akbar conquered Kashmir in , making it part of the Mughal Empire. Subsequently, the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb expanded the empire further.

India has scrapped a law that grants special status to Indian-administered Kashmir amid an indefinite lockdown and massive troop deployment in the disputed region. The Jammu and Kashmir union territory will include the Hindu-majority Jammu region and will have a legislative assembly. The Buddhist-majority Ladakh region, which has a considerable population of Shia Muslims, will also be a union territory, but it will not have an assembly. All phones, internet services and cable networks were cut off on Sunday night and pro-India leaders placed under house arrest following days of soaring tensions. The article, which came into effect in , exempts Jammu and Kashmir state from the Indian constitution.

History. J&K acceded to the Dominion of India after the Instrument of Article 35A was added to the Constitution (empowering the state.

Explained: What are Articles 370 and 35A?

It is only then an aspirant can write a holistic and balanced answer. In news Governor dissolves legislative assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. Article and issue of Asymmetric Regionalism in Kashmir Manifest pedagogy Kashmir problem needs an integrated study and hence, this issue has be dealt in different articles.

For some princely states whose sovereignty was restored on Independence, the Act provided for three options: to remain an independent country, join Dominion of India, or join Dominion of Pakistan — and this joining with either of the two countries was to be through an IoA. Though no prescribed form was provided, a state so joining could specify the terms on which it agreed to join. The maxim for contracts between states is pacta sunt servanda, i. Raja Hari Singh had initially decided to remain independent and sign standstill agreements with India and Pakistan, and Pakistan in fact signed it.

Explained: What are Articles 370 and 35A? Why they are important for J&K

Kashmir Issue – Understand the multiple dimensions

The government also decided to bifurcate the state into two Union territories — Jammu and Kashmir, which will have a legislature, and Ladakh, which will be without a legislature. Internet services and mobile services have been suspended in several places and all public gatherings are banned in Srinagar district as section was imposed from midnight. What is article Guaranteed By Constitution of India? Article restricts Indian parliament to make any laws for the state and it can only preside over the subjects like Defence, External Affairs, and communication. Article of the Indian constitution is an article that gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, after its establishment, was empowered to recommend the articles of the Indian constitution that should be applied to the state or to abrogate the Article altogether. While the article was created to give temporary, transitional, special provisions , it has become a Permanent feature.

Тело Колумба покоится здесь, в Испании. Вы ведь, кажется, сказали, что учились в университете. Беккер пожал плечами: - Наверное, в тот день я прогулял лекцию. - Испанская церковь гордится тем, что ей принадлежат его останки.

Не видно, чтобы он пользовался электронной картой у главного входа. Поэтому он определенно. Бринкерхофф с облегчением вздохнул: - Ну, если он здесь, то нет проблем, верно. Мидж задумалась. - Может. - Может. - Мы должны позвонить ему и проверить.

Kashmir Region – After Mughals

Мы обнаружили статистический сбой и хотим выяснить, в чем. Кроме того, - добавила она, - я хотела бы напомнить Стратмору, что Большой Брат не спускает с него глаз. Пусть хорошенько подумает, прежде чем затевать очередную авантюру с целью спасения мира.  - Она подняла телефонную трубку и начала набирать номер. Бринкерхофф сидел как на иголках. - Ты уверена, что мы должны его беспокоить.

 - Ты слышала, как я швырнул на верхнюю площадку свои ботинки. Сьюзан вдруг поняла, что смеется и плачет одновременно. Коммандер спас ей жизнь. Стоя в темноте, она испытывала чувство огромного облегчения, смешанного, конечно же, с ощущением вины: агенты безопасности приближаются. Она глупейшим образом попала в ловушку, расставленную Хейлом, и Хейл сумел использовать ее против Стратмора. Она понимала, что коммандер заплатил огромную цену за ее избавление. - Простите меня, - сказала .

Бринкерхофф взял первую распечатку.

 Верно… - Стратмор задумался.  - На какое-то время. - Что это .

Она взглянула на него с холодным презрением. Бринкерхофф поднял руки в знак капитуляции.

 Около двадцати минут. Их надо использовать с толком. Фонтейн долго молчал.

Наклонился и осмотрел пальцы левой руки. Лейтенант следил за его взглядом.



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