olid tate phy ican introduction to theory and experiment pdf

Olid Tate Phy Ican Introduction To Theory And Experiment Pdf

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Metrics details. Mobile apps for health exist in large numbers today, but oftentimes, consumers do not continue to use them after a brief period of initial usage, are averse toward using them at all, or are unaware that such apps even exist. In , six focus groups and five individual interviews were conducted in the Midwest region of the U. The participants were asked about their general and health specific mobile app usage.

James Clerk Maxwell

Metrics details. Mobile apps for health exist in large numbers today, but oftentimes, consumers do not continue to use them after a brief period of initial usage, are averse toward using them at all, or are unaware that such apps even exist. In , six focus groups and five individual interviews were conducted in the Midwest region of the U. The participants were asked about their general and health specific mobile app usage.

They were then shown specific features of exemplar health apps and prompted to discuss their perceptions. The focus groups and interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using the software NVivo. Inductive thematic analysis was adopted to analyze the data and nine themes were identified: 1 barriers to adoption of health apps, 2 barriers to continued use of health apps, 3 motivators, 4 information and personalized guidance, 5 tracking for awareness and progress, 6 credibility, 7 goal setting, 8 reminders, and 9 sharing personal information.

The themes were mapped to theories for interpretation of the results. This qualitative research with a diverse pool of participants extended previous research on challenges and opportunities of health apps. Peer Review reports. Currently over 97, health-related apps termed as health apps hereafter are available in the health and fitness category of the Apple app store and Google play store, with about more being created every month.

These health apps include medical apps for health providers and medical education, patient-centered apps for disease management or self-diagnosis, and general health and fitness apps for lifestyle management [ 2 ]. There have been a number of intervention studies based on mobile apps and most of these focused on specific medical issues such as diabetes [ 3 , 4 ], pain management [ 5 ], weight loss [ 6 , 7 ], etc.

The intervention studies mostly focus on the patient population using mobile apps for treatment or disease self-management [ 3 — 7 ]. However, a majority of the available health apps are for health and wellness promotion and disease prevention for the general public. A large number of the studies on such health apps adopted a content analysis approach [ 8 — 14 ]. Specifically, this study found that healthy young adults were interested in using health apps to support health-related behavior change.

Potential users expected health apps to be accurate, legitimate, secure, and able to record and track behavior and goals. These healthy young adults did not like apps with context-sensing capabilities or social media features. Despite insightful findings, one limitation of the study is that its participants are biased toward the younger population average age was The data indicate that smartphones and health apps are not just the products used by young people with high education and high income.

Another limitation of existing qualitative studies on health apps is the lack of a systematic framework to guide the qualitative exploration. Although the qualitative research on user perception is exploratory in nature, having a systematic framework helps the research stay focused. Specifically, their framework lays out five behavioral intervention strategies that can be achieved via various phone functions i.

Additionally, although this qualitative research takes a bottom-up inductive approach, we discuss the findings in light of theoretical frameworks e. In other words, theoretical frameworks did not guide this qualitative work, as qualitative research usually takes the bottom-up inductive rather than the top-down deductive approach to analyze results.

Instead, existing theoretical frameworks were brought in for the interpretation of findings because they can help explain the how and why of the findings as well as abstract the findings to guide future research. In the following section, we explain the procedure for conducting the current qualitative research. Inductive thematic analysis was used to analyze transcripts leading to the identification of nine themes.

The discussion provides insights for researchers and designers to better design and implement apps for health promotion and behavior change. To make sure we adhered to qualitative reporting standards, we followed the item consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative studies COREQ checklist Additional file 1. A total of 44 individuals, including 39 in six focus groups and five in interviews participated in this study. Purposive sampling was used and recruitment was not based on data saturation.

All the consented participants completed the study. Inclusion criteria were the ownership and regular use of a smartphone. To get a well-rounded picture about why people used or did not use health apps, both individuals with and without prior knowledge or usage of health apps were included.

Each focus group consisted of three to nine participants. Two focus groups consisted of 17 college students 11 female were recruited from the subject pool in a large Midwestern university in the U. Four other focus groups were formed with 22 non-student participants 18 female through email to staff members at the same university. Although the focus groups in this study aimed to address the limitation of previous studies by including participants with a wide age range, the educational level of the participants was still relatively high.

In an attempt to include a more diverse pool, we also recruited five participants one female via solicitation at a local plaza.

These five participants were not affiliated with the university and were of diverse social economic statuses. However, due to their scattered working schedules, we were unable to conduct a focus group and individual interviews were conducted instead. The variation in profession type among the interviewees i. The data analysis combined the six focus groups and five interviews. The institutional review board at Michigan State University approved the study. After acquiring their consent, each participant first completed a questionnaire about demographics, smartphone and mobile app usage, and health status.

The second author female served as the moderator and the third author female recorded the sessions and took notes. The fourth author male conducted the interviews.

The moderator and the interviewer did not have prior relationship with the participants. Nobody else besides the authors and participants were present during data collection.

All the authors had a positive attitude towards health apps, but the authors strived to remain neutral in the conversations with participants. Each interview lasted for 30—45 min. All focus groups and interviews were audio-recorded and then transcribed verbatim. The anonymized transcriptions supporting the conclusions of this article are available at goo. The moderator and the interviewer followed a discussion guide developed jointly by the authors see Additional file 2 to direct the conversation.

Participants were first provided an overarching introduction about the purpose of the study. They were then asked questions about their overall app usage, knowledge about health apps and their usage, and reasons for liking or disliking apps, including health apps. Participants freely discussed their own experiences without prompts.

Trigger materials. Next, in order to educate participants with no health apps and enlighten others about the wide variety of health apps, participants were exposed to a set of trigger materials see Additional file 3.

The participants were exposed to the above categories and sub-categories of health apps, one at a time, and asked to discuss their thoughts about them. They were asked to go into as much detail as possible, explain what they liked or disliked, whether or not they had used that particular or a similar app before and what led them to continue or discontinue using it.

The participants who did not have such an app were asked to provide reasons for non-use. The verbatim transcripts were coded using the software NVivo. Inductive thematic analysis [ 24 ] was adopted to analyze the data. The focus group and interview transcriptions were analyzed as a whole. Each recording was coded separately by at least two authors who independently came up with labels to attach to text segments that appeared to indicate important user perspective. Then the team came together to compare their codes and revise the codes in an iterative fashion to develop a set of themes that captured the essence of the focus group discussions or interviews.

Finally, the raw data were compared with the emerging theme labels and definitions, and further refined by merging, adding, and removing redundant themes. At the end, nine themes were identified. The results section describes them with illustrative quotations. Four types of reasons were identified by the participants explaining why they did not adopt or start to use health apps.

Low Awareness of health apps. More than a quarter of the participants were unaware of or did not even think that health apps were available. Lack of need for health apps. Participants did not feel the need to use a health app either because other tools were already available e. Although they did not consider a health app a necessity for themselves, they thought that a health app might be helpful for certain individuals such as patients or people who need the apps for motivation or to establish healthy habits.

I have to see what the benefit will be. Lack of app literacy. Participants did not know which app to choose or how to use it. Consumers might not have a clear definition what is [a] good health app. There are so many functions. It is hard for consumers to decide. Cost was identified as an important determining factor for app adoption, across all the participants in all age groups and social economic status.

However, this does not mean that people are not willing to pay for apps. Participants indicated that they would pay, usually a small amount of one dollar or less, if they found the app worth buying. In other words, only if the app had highly unique functions and features, not normally found in free apps, then they would consider buying it. Lack of time and effort. Participants who had health apps indicated a number of barriers to their continued use.

The primary reason was the required time and effort. You want to get to the process as simple as possible. It does what you need it to do without 10 million different things to do one thing.

Lack of motivation and discipline. The participants felt that unless an individual was already motivated or had the discipline or dedication, it would be hard for them to continue using health apps.

Additional barriers to adoption and continued use of health apps brought up by the participants included radiation from the cell phone, apps that take storage space of the phone or drain battery, and the phone being carried in the purse and thus not used enough.

Motivators are internal and external factors that help health app users either start or continue to use them. Social competition. One of the external motivators was seeing other people using the app and sharing behavioral data that could be compared to others on social networking sites.

James Clerk Maxwell

Notes from a course by Feynman on Advanced Quantum Mechanics Botany Notes 5; Chemistry Notes 3. A capacitor is a system of two conductors separated by an insulator. Hepp, ZUrich R. See also codes, and our Physics Reports review. There are different styles of note-taking that work with people of different learning styles. Check back occasionally.

Exploring how the format of the seminar as used in contemporary art education is developing, and the social, economic and political reasons for these changes. This paper will highlight these changes through examples of recent experimental approaches to presenting seminars to postgraduate fine art students attending Chelsea College of Art at both Tate Britain and Tate Modern with the Tate Research Center: Learning. Reference will also be made to historical art-educational programmes that have previously challenged models of education within the context of the seminar. The value of a seminar in contemporary art is increasingly difficult to explain or indeed know. In most instances this is due to changing relationships between art, democracy, education steeped in capitalist agendas, pedagogy and new cultural forms of intellectual exchange.

Virtual Lab Physics The laboratory will be set up with two balls of the same mass on a table. The increase of verbal. The real aid to of your site is the speed at which I can build test a circuit. You will have two days to complete the lab. Meeting with current undergraduate interns and graduate students; Underrepresented students especially encouraged to apply. The analysis in the lab manual Eq.

This thesis examines physical science textbooks for answers to questions dealng genre-theory as the model used for setting that context needs In the Introduction to this thesis it was stated that a crucial feature of old shared literacy was gone, and was replaced by Now the bar of iron which I can neither break

Virtual Lab Physics

Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. The International Association for the Study of Pain defines pain as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with, or resembling that associated with, actual or potential tissue damage. Pain motivates the individual to withdraw from damaging situations, to protect a damaged body part while it heals, and to avoid similar experiences in the future. Sometimes pain arises in the absence of any detectable stimulus, damage or disease.

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 Пока рано, - сказал Стратмор.  - Если служба безопасности обнаружит затянувшуюся надолго работу ТРАНСТЕКСТА, перед нами возникнет целый ряд новых проблем. Я хочу уничтожить все следы Цифровой крепости до того, как мы откроем двери. Сьюзан неохотно кивнула.

Он перезагрузил монитор, надеясь, что все дело в каком-то мелком сбое. Но, ожив, монитор вновь показал то же .

 - Ты только подумай: ТРАНСТЕКСТ бьется над одним-единственным файлом целых восемнадцать часов. Слыханное ли это. Отправляйся домой, уже поздно. Она окинула его высокомерным взглядом и швырнула отчет на стол. - Я верю этим данным.


Matthew K.

IS IT DIFFICULT TO MOTIVATE OUR STUDENTS TO STUDY PHYSICS? be reached through structuring the contents of each theory according to triadic affiliation: conditions for such change (dissatisfaction with the old knowledge together introduction would bring unnecessary complexity, causing much confusion to.


Emmeline P.

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